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Legislation

Legislation

Legislation, or statutory law, is law which has been enacted by a legislature or other governing body, or the process of making it. Before an item of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill and may be broadly referred to as "legislation" while it remains under consideration to distinguish it from other business. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict.

Under the Westminster System an item of primary legislation is known as an Act of Parliament after enactment.

Legislation is usually proposed by a member of the legislature (e.g. a member of Congress or Parliament), or by the executive, whereupon it is debated by members of the legislature and is often amended before passage. Most large legislatures enact only a small fraction of the bills proposed in a given session.Whether a given bill will be proposed and enter into force is generally a matter of the legislative priorities of government.


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