The tort of negligence arises when an act or a failure to act causes injury or damage to another person or their property. A level Law students should be able to determine if negligence has occurred by looking at the elements of negligence as follows:
Occupiers' liability is the responsibility (duty of care) that an occupier (someone who owns or leases a land) has towards people who come on to their property. Occupiers have a higher level of responsibility towards lawful visitors than trespassers in accordance with two different Acts of Parliament. The A level curriculum explores this topic in two parts: in two parts:
A legal nuisance happens where a party does something on a piece of land that causes a problem for other people and this leads to a legal dispute. The A level curriculum looks at three different types of nuisance:
Vicarious Liability is a way of imposing liability for tort on someone who did not commit it. In other words, someone pays for someone else's actions. In the A level curriculum this topic is explored in situations where an employer is held liable for the actions of their employee. A level students look at:
Someone who is found liable for a tort will often have financial loses. However, they can either avoid or mitigate liability by using a defence. The A level law curriculum covers the following defences.
If a claimant’s case is successful, the court will award a remedy (a court-mandated solution) to return the claimant to the position they were in before the tort took place (if possible). The A level curriculum covers the following remedies:
1. Compensatory damages
2. Mitigation of loss